The Role of Bankers in the U.S. Syndicated Loan Market
I construct a novel dataset of individual bankers in the U.S. syndicated loan market to analyze the
impact of bankers for the largest, most transparent borrowers. I exploit within-firm variation in
personal relationship strength from banker turnover and find that stronger relationships lead to
significantly lower interest rates. Relationship loans are associated with fewer bankruptcies and
fewer favorable modifications in renegotiations. Lower rates therefore derive from increased lending
efficiency, rather than nepotism. While personal relationships generally increase credit availability,
during the financial crisis these relationships locked in borrowers with affected banks.
Bankers also exhibit time-invariant preferences for specific loan characteristics.
Conferences presented: SFS Cavalcade 2017, 2017 Telfer Annual Conference on Accounting and Finance, Colorado Finance Summit (Job Market Session) , SFI Workshop in Finance 2016, DGF 2016, FMA 2016 (PhD Session), NFA 2016 (PhD Session), Federal Reserve Board of Governors, Emory University (Goizueta), University of Rochester (Simon), University of British Columbia (Sauder), Georgetown University (McDonough), McGill University (Desautels), University of Toronto (Rotman), Penn State (Smeal), Bocconi, INSEAD, University of New South Wales, Arizona State (Carey), Michigan State (Broad), Carnegie Mellon (Tepper)
Do Courts Matter for Firm Value? Evidence from the U.S. Court System
with Stefano Colonnello
We estimate the impact of U.S. state court characteristics on firm value by exploiting a U.S. Supreme Court
ruling that exogenously changed firms' exposure to different courts. We find that increased exposure to more
business-friendly courts is associated with positive announcement returns. We find no such association for objective
court quality. We confirm that this U.S. Supreme Court ruling impacted firm value through the legal environment channel.
We show that this ruling reduced the ability of affected firms to remove cases from certain state courts,
and we show that announcement returns are stronger for firms that have high litigation exposure.
Conferences presented: SFS Cavalcade 2016, DGF 2016, NFA 2016, ALEA 2016, EFMA 2016, EUROFIDAI 2016
How Do Investors and Firms React to an Unexpected Currency Appreciation Shock?
with Matthias Efing, Rüdiger Fahlenbrach and Philipp Krüger
We examine the impact of a sudden home currency appreciation on the valuation and behavior of corporations in a developed economy.
The Swiss National Bank surprisingly repealed the minimum exchange rate of 1.2 Swiss francs per Euro on January 15, 2015.
On that day the franc appreciated by 15% and the main stock market index dropped by 8.7%. The impact was largest for export
oriented firms with high domestic costs. These firms experienced 5% lower announcement returns, subsequently faced economically
sizeable reductions in sales and profitability, and responded by reducing investment by 8.1% while only slightly reducing employment.
Conferences presented: FMA 2016, SGF 2016, DGF 2016
The Causal Impact of Distance on Bank Lending
with Cornelius Schmidt and Aksel Mjøs
We exploit exogenous shocks to the distance between corporate borrowers and banks to analyze the role of distance in commercial bank lending.
We find that a reduction in travel time due to improved infrastructure increases the likelihood of initiating a new borrowing relationship, evidence that lower distance
creates a surplus from lower transaction costs. In existing lending relationships, however, banks capture a fraction of this surplus by increasing interest rates.
Larger changes in distance are associated with stronger effects and banks with higher market power capture a larger fraction of the surplus.
Conferences presented: EFA 2016, DGF 2015
Information Intermediaries: How Commercial Bankers Facilitate Inter-firm Alliances
with Marc Frattaroli
We investigate how bankers use private information to facilitate strategic alliances between borrowers.
Firms that have borrowed from the same banker in the past are significantly more likely to enter an alliance,
and the same is true for firms borrowing from different bankers that have co-syndicated loans previously.
We find that bankers can facilitate strategic alliances even across banks. Consistent with bankers overcoming
informational frictions, their ability to facilitate alliances decreases with network distance, and is stronger
for opaque borrowers. We exploit quasi-exogenous variation in firms' banker networks from interstate bank branching
deregulation to show that this relationship is causal.
Conferences presented: SFI Research Days 2018
Gaming the Legal System: The Finance Aspects of Forum Shopping
with Stefano Colonnello